python testing framework

Looking for best Python testing frameworks? This article got you covered! Read further…

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language that lets the coder write versatile, logical, and convenient code for all kinds of projects, be they small or big.

Python is open-source and is widely developed by developers across the world. It is extremely scalable and suits the best with industry standards in automation, integration, development, testing, etc.

Python’s framework is widely used for testing. These frameworks are optimized, robust, and efficient that makes application programming simpler. It comprises various in-built functionalities like processing the input, handling the hardware, and the software.

The Python testing framework minimizes the bugs and makes it a cakewalk for the complex technologies to work on it.

Python is gaining immense popularity in the field of test automation. Python’s ease of development and its flat learning curve make it one of the most widely used testing frameworks of 2021.

The test cases written in Python are easy to write and understand. It also supports a pool of libraries for automated testing. It can be confusing to choose the best Python unit test framework because each has its pros and cons.

But, every project and industry has different requirements and restraints.

This article will discuss the eight best Python Frameworks of 2021 that should be used for testing.

Best Python Testing Frameworks To Try Out 

1. RedwoodHQ Framework

RedwoodHQ testing framework for python

This Python testing framework allows the association of multiple testers in a single web interface. These testers can execute the side of the test by side.

This framework has full management and automation of the testing process. It creates test cases quickly and easily. The user can write these test cases either in Python or Java, C#, etc. It also keeps a record of all the test runs done.

Here, you just have to find the action you wish to perform, drag it to the test box, fill in the parameters, change their values and get a full test report.

It is one of the most user-friendly platforms for all kinds of users.

It has the following pros and cons:

Pros

  • The test cases can be easily created, modified, and executed.
  • This framework is very user-friendly.
  • It allows parallel testing.
  • It is ideal for both front-end and back-end testing.
  • It has an in-built IDE as well.

Cons: 

It does not have any significant cons worth mentioning.

2. Robot Framework

Robot framework for python testing

The Robot Framework is the widely used Python testing framework and is an open-source and expandable framework. It has a very easy and understandable syntax because it uses human-readable keywords.

This framework is widely used for Acceptance Testing and Test-driven Development. It can run.Net and Java, and also allow automation testing on various platforms like Mac OS, Windows, and Linux for mobile, window, and web applications.

Here are its pros and cons:

Pros

  • It is a framework with strong features like tabular data syntax, rich toolset, and libraries, testing based on keywords, etc.
  • It lets you use individual elements in different projects.
  • It develops readable test cases.
  • It supports the parallel running of tests.
  • It offers superb online resources and great community support.
  • It supports all the operating systems, like Windows, macOS, Linux.

Cons

  • It is a bit hard to customize the reports.
  • The initial learning curve can be a bit longer than expected.

3. PyTest

PyTest python frameworks

PyTest is a great testing package that helps in developing scalable tests quickly and understandably. It is an open-source framework that builds tests that work for both simple and complex test cases.

It supports all kinds of software testing and is widely used by testers across the globe. Python unit test framework requires the working know-how of Python, a Python package manager, an IDE, and a command-line interface.

PyTest has an extensive library that gives a detailed analysis of the assertion.

Its pros and cons are as follows:

Pros

  • It comes with highly expandable plugins.
  • It lets you run parallel tests using the pytest-xdist plugin.
  • It is compatible with PyPy3 and Python 3.5
  • Its built-in features support the auto-discovery of functions and test modules.
  • PyTest products are compatible with test suites.

Cons

The test suites are not compatible with other testing frameworks.

4. Testify

Testify- PyPi

Testify is yet another famous Python testing framework that helps in performing integration, automated unit testing, and system testing. It comes with an extensible plugin that offers useful reporting functionality.

It was designed to replace the Nose and Unittest frameworks. So, the tests written for Unittest will need less work and adjustments in Testify.

Testify is a great Java implementation of semantic testing.

Here are its pros and cons:

Pros

  • It comes with an expandable plugin ecosystem.
  • It comes with extra testing utilities that help with profiling, integration, and code coverage.
  • It has a simple syntax for fixtures.
  • Those who are familiar with Unittest will find it very easy to get used to Testify.
  • It enables test discovery.

Cons:

  • It is not possible to achieve parallel testing.
  • It does not have extensive documentation.

5. Behave

Behave for python testing

Behave is a widely used Python testing framework and is also referred to as Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) that allows Black Box testing. It uses natural language for writing the tests and works with Unicode Strings.

Its directory is wide and contains feature files in plain text format. It requires a Python 2.7.14 or above version.

This framework makes communication with team members easy as it enhances the good association between engineers, managers, business development managers, analysts, etc.

Its pros and cons are as follows:

Pros:

  • Python automation framework has extensive support and documentation for getting started.
  • It allows easy coordination between teams and test cases.
  • It promotes comprehensive reasoning and thinking.
  • It is easy to add newer test cases.
  • It supports easy integration with other web frameworks.

Cons:

  • It can only be used for Black Box testing.
  • The PyCharm community does not support Behave.

6. Nose2

Nose2 for python testing

Nose2 is an excellent Python testing framework and is based on Unittest. It supports the PyUnit framework and provides plugins for the execution of the test, automatically discovering the test cases, and gathering the documentation.

This framework makes testing easy, simple, and quick. It supports classes, modules, package fixtures, etc. the pros and cons of Nose2 are:

Pros: 

  • It has a large number of plugins.
  • It is easy to install because it is an extension of Unittest.
  • It speeds up the execution of tests and runs them in parallel with multiple other processes.
  • It automatically collects the tests.

Cons:

  • Its documentation is not as extensive.
  • It is not well and actively maintained as other testing frameworks.

7. Lettuce

Lettuce is yet another good Python testing framework that supports BDD testing. It is open-source and can be installed on PIP, i.e the Python Package Manager. It is a highly useful platform for Behavioural Driven Development Testing.

It involves a very easy and scalable testing process and comprises steps like code running, code modifying, behaviour description, code modification, etc.

This testing framework makes the testing process funny and easy. The names of its different releases are derived from the green things.

It has the following pros and cons:

Pros: 

  • It uses simple language for creating multiple test scenarios.
  • It helps in behavior-driven testing for black-box testing.
  • It acts as big support between Development and Quality Assurance teams.
  • It can test the behaviors and interactions of different servers and databases.
  • Lettuce is easy to use if the user has prior experience with any BDD testing tool.

Cons: 

  • Its main use is for black-box testing only.
  • It demands sound coordination among developers and testers.

8. TestProject

TestProject for testing automation'

TestProject is a wonderful and complete automation framework that provides HTML and cloud reports. It is free and helps in the easy development of test automation for mobile, web, or general purposes.

It is a single-agent executable framework that comprises all the third-party libraries for the development and execution of test automation.

This platform remains updated with the latest driver versions, at all times.

Its pros and cons are as follows:

Pros: 

  • It has a single SDK for Android, Web, iOS.
  • It has a huge community and support available.
  • It provides free automatic reports, both in HTML and PDF formats.
  • It provides cross-platform support as well.
  • It comes with an in-built test runner and reporting.

Cons:

  • Parallel testing is not possible with TestProject.
  • It has limited team collaboration features.

Conclusion

All the above-mentioned testing frameworks are great and serve different purposes.

This article discusses the top eight Python testing frameworks, where each has its pros and cons. Selecting the right one depends entirely on the requirement of the project and the competency level of the available team.

Like, if you have a team with non-technical members, then you can try BDD tools. There are several questions that you need to ask yourself first before choosing the best Python testing framework. But, using a tight and easy framework will surely make the task easier and bugs-free.

The developer can utilize his time and efforts on high-level functionalities without bothering about the low-level ones.

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